Stomach (Peptic) Ulcers – Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis

Gastric or peptic ulcer:

Stomach ulcers are also called stomach ulcers. It is an open sore on the lining of the stomach, esophagus, or duodenum that is most painful. Sometimes, stomach ulcers are also called a type of peptic ulcer disease. Peptic ulcers affect the stomach and small intestines.

Stomach cancer is also known as a duodenal ulcer as it can occur in other parts of the intestine beyond the abdomen (duodenum). Stomach ulcers are treatable but can be serious if proper treatment is not given in a timely manner.

Symptoms of stomach ulcers

• Initially, a slight or hot sensation is felt in the abdomen. This is the most common symptom of a stomach ulcer or peptic ulcer.

stomach cancer

• Occasionally, pain may occur anywhere in the abdomen between the abdominal cavity and the chest bone at any time of the day.

• Constipation may appear leading to weight loss

• The rash occurs due to acid, also known as acid reflux

• Feeling sick is one of the symptoms of a stomach ulcer

• Starvation after two to three hours of eating or at midnight

• Loss of appetite

• Black stools or sometimes bad blood may be noticed

• Cleaning and sanitation becomes commonplace

• Heartburn can occur so that a burning sensation can be felt in the chest

• Pain increases when you eat, drink, or take antacids

• There may be anemia leading to symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, or pale skin

Fatigue (which may also be a sign of stomach cancer)

Causes of stomach ulcers

Here are two main causes of stomach ulcers:

• Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections can cause ulcers, or

• long-term use of any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, or aspirin

Apart from this, your lifestyle can also increase your chances of getting stomach ulcers. They can be:

• Stomach ulcers can be caused by certain lifestyle factors, such as overeating, excessive stress, and alcohol.

• In a few cases, smoking can increase the risk of stomach ulcers and may make treatment less effective.

NSAIDs cause stomach ulcers by reducing the adequate production of prostaglandins in the stomach. The function of prostaglandins is to counteract the damage caused by naturally occurring stomach acid juices.

Diagnosis of stomach ulcers

Generally, the wound is diagnosed by:

• High intestinal X-ray in the Barium intestine (upper GI series): High intestinal X-ray (GI) X-ray does not involve risk (other than radiation exposure) or discomfort and is easy to perform. Barium is something like chalk that should be swallowed. During the scan, it is visible and the abdomen structure is visible. Too bad the barium X-ray has low accuracy and about 20% of cases are lost.

• Advanced intestinal endoscopy (EGD or esophagogastroduodenoscopy): High intestinal endoscopy has higher accuracy compared to barium X-ray scan. During advanced intestinal endoscopy, drugs are given to the patient. A flexible tube is inserted orally that leads to the thinking, stomach, and duodenum for examination.

Other diagnostic methods are:

• Blood tests: A small sample of blood is tested for antibodies to the H virus. Pylori. If these antibodies are present, they confirm H-infection. Pylori.

• Faecal sample: In this test, a small sample of your stool will be tested for H. Pylori. Fecal tests are also used to identify the causes of blood loss or hemorrhage. In some cases, it may be hemorrhoids that bleed and not stomach ulcers.

• Air test: During this test, a liquid containing a non-radioactive chemical is swallowed. Due to the presence of H. Pylori, a chemical that is damaged and produces carbon dioxide gas. After taking the liquid, the doctor may ask the patient to breathe into a machine. This machine measures the levels of radioactivity in carbon dioxide. When high-level radioactivity is detected, it indicates a specific H infection. Pylori.

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