5 Advanced Surgical Treatment for Anal Fistula

Anal Fistula is a very painful medical condition. It refers to the development of the hollow between the bowel & anus skin. This disorder can occur due to several reasons like surgery, intestinal inflammation, inflection, etc. The inner part of the anus is composed of many small glands. The closure of any of these causes a fistula. The victim of this disorder feels discomfort and inflammation in the anus while passing stool. In an extensive case, this health condition can even lead to bleeding around the anus.

It is not possible to heal Anal Fistula without a medical procedure. Therefore, if you feel irritation or smelly discharge around your anus, it would be best to seek the advice of the best GI surgeon near you. First, they will find the exact location of the Fistula and dig its real cause using CT scan & MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). And then start the treatment accordingly. 

Some people get relief by medication, while others need to undergo surgery. With the advancement in technology, numerous surgical treatments for Anal Fistula have been developed. However, here we are going to throw light on the most advanced and reliable Fistula repair procedure. As per reports, people have found laser surgery for Fistula to be the best and effective. Moreover, this method is the least invasive one and does not harm sphincter muscles. 

List Of Advanced Surgical Procedure For Anal Fistula

Seton Technique

A seton is nothing but a silicon thread or a string placed in the Anal tract for several days. It takes around 60 minutes to insert the seton in the Fistula. This elastic band helps keep the fistula tract open and avert the formation of an internal abscess. Generally, another surgical procedure is needed for fistula closure. 

Physicians always recommend using a fleet enema a day before the procedure, and it is carried under general anesthesia. After receiving anesthesia, the surgeon locates both ends of the Fistula and then twirls surgical thread around them. If it is done correctly, you will resume routine tasks from the very next day. However, you may need to take 1-2 weeks off from the office in a severe case. Drinking plenty of fluids can go a long way in the recovery process.

LIFT Procedure

LIFT procedures come in the row. LIFT stands for “ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract.” This technology is used to treat recurrent anal Fistula that passes the anal sphincter. LIFT is the least complex procedure and has a success rate. It involves sealing at both ends of the Fistula and the movement of sphincter muscles. To do this, a cut is made on the skin above the abscess. LIFT is one of the most advanced and less risky methods to repair the anal Fistula.

Laser Surgery

Laser Surgery for Fistula is also a very reliable medical treatment. Generally, it is used to repair fistula tunnels less than 30 mm. In this procedure, a laser beam is used to block both ends of the Fistula. Laser surgery is also known as FiLaC and does not cause any damage to the sphincter muscles. In case you don’t want any pain during anal fistula treatment, it would be best to choose FiLac.

Fibrin Glue

As its name suggests, the glue is used to close the Fistula from both sides. This medical procedure is also very effective in treating the anal Fistula when it passes to the sphincter region. In simple words, Fibrin Glue activates thrombin, a substance that leads to the clotting of blood. This eventually helps to block the fistula tract as well as encourage healing. This glue is injected to you under general anesthesia.

Fistulotomy

Fistulotomy is a very popular method to get relief from the anal Fistula. It is done by blocking the infected tract and making a small cut on the sphincter muscle.

The Bottom Line -:

Anal-Fistula is a bothersome condition and should be treated on time to improve the quality of life.

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