Hypertension is another name used for high blood pressure. Hypertension is defined as repeated to having the readings of rising blood pressure above 140 over 90 mmHg. It is said to be primary or essential (well over 90% of all cases), secondary due to an identifiable condition, intentional or correctable pathological conditions as renal disease and Primary Aldosteronism.
Nursing care management plans are crucial to charge nurse or clinical charter nurse should implement because it offers a rationalized support system for nurses to assist in developing an appropriate care plan that will help them monitor patients’ reactions. Such plans with help in patients monitoring of their blood pressure level, promote adherence to medication; and offer information regarding lifestyle changes that prove good outcomes for patients.
Nursing Interventions and Actions
The objective of nursing care with regard to hypertension is blood pressure management by helping lower, control and manage it effectively and safely to ensure greater value. The nurse has a very important role as he or she would provide guidance and education to patients on lifestyle modifications, compliance with medication, and follow-up consultations to ensure recurrent observation of improvement and prevent fault setbacks.
Let’s take a look at the necessary care plan for hypertension…
- Blood Pressure and Cardiac Output Control as Well as Monitoring
Measure at rest three times, interim 3–5 min apart and then while seated and on feet for the first record. Observe the centrifugal and peripheral pulses, as well as their tension.
Palpable and observable bounding carotid, jugular radial, and femoral pulses may also he encountered. Diminished leg and foot pulses might be noticed that may indicate the richness of vasoconstriction (increased systemic vascular resistance [SVR]) and venous congestion.
The hypertension medications lower the blood pressure by affecting different target mechanisms. The first treatment inactive goes with features of patient such as age and race. Adequate compounds are then started at low doses so as to be titrated whenever necessary in an attempt to achieve blood pressure control. Simplifying the treatment regime encourages adherence, better by pressing through intake among once-a-day combination pills. Gradual tapering may be considered when blood pressure is controlled, so that it stabilizes at the desired level with minimum medication.
- Improving Tolerance to Activity
Hypertension affect an individual’s activity tolerance in two ways; due to the changes in cardiac output there is reduced capacity for activity and also, through medication side effects. Nurses are the key players in this evaluation of and intervention regarding this problem which brings about interventions to improve patients’ level of activities, functionality as well as hypertension control.
- Enhanced Coping and Compliance with Psychological Regimen
The other aspect that is considered rather frequently from the therapeutic program is nonadherence from hypertension control. Rates of discontinuation by medications are quite high, and blood pressure control rates are considerably low. The intervention of the self-care role increases adherence to treatments; it includes empowering services, such as self-monitoring and individualized wellness programs. There will need commitment to the lifestyle changes and adherence to medication. Nurse Behavior change is an important role of creation care. Further coping and the impacts on adherence to the therapeutic regimen.
The failure to comply with a suggested therapeutic program is prevalent in hypertension treatment. Discontinuation of Medications is high & blood flow’s rate control is low. Self-monitoring and self-care involvement can improve the patient adherence whereby tailored wellness programs should be on individual’s basis. Lifestyle changes and patients’ adherence to medication require an expenditure of energy. Nurse influence serves as an essential component in health behavior change and subsequent follow-up care.
- Publicizing Lifestyle and Nutritional Changes to Diets and Weight Loss
Weight reduction and lifestyle changes should be a key principle in hypertension nursing care plan. Awareness and healthy lifestyle training directed toward strengthening of patients’ consciousness regarding the importance of weight effect on the blood pressure helps to control hypertensin, thus, improving cardiovascular health.
- It Is Essential in Nursing to Educate Patients with Hypertension
Since it enables the former not only to know about their condition but also be able to choose and make decisions as well as actively participate in their care process. Nurses give knowledge on etiology of hypertension, its risk factors and management, leading to patients’ compliance in general with medications, choice of a healthy lifestyle personalized prescription for essential drugs associated with efficiency monitoring blood pressure. This learning develops patient’s education, better results, and exceptional quality of life.
Author’s Bio: Mark Berry is a paralegal and lifestyle blogger who concentrates on playwriting, how to deal with a pet, health consciousness, travel, Credit Counseling, real estate, and self-development & social dealing. He loves exploring new places and sharing life experiences with the audience. He encourages readers to overcome obstacles holding them back and live their best life.