Today one person out of three having a knee problem and because of it they are not able to climb stairs, walk properly. People who have knee problem they can’t sleep well cause of severe pain. There are several reasons for knee problems like overage, accident, etc. Sometimes therapy helps you to reduce knee pain but sometimes it is not working. If you or your loved one is facing a knee problem then you are landing at the right place. In this article, you are going to know everything about knee replacement surgery, its procedure, risk, and reasons as well. So let’s began.
What is knee replacement treatment?
The knee replacement treatment is a surgical procedure to rebuild or resurface the damaged part of the knee through arthritis. This treatment is also known as total knee replacement and knee arthroplasty. In this procedure metal and plastic material are used to make kneecaps and caps to join the end joints. This treatment is considered for those who have a severe knee injury or arthritis. The main aim of the knee replacement treatment is to relieve knee pain and resurface the damaged part that can’t be controlled with the help of other treatments.
Types of knee replacement methods
Your surgeon will select the surgical approach which is suited to your needs. Before surgery your and doctor’s team will engage in pre-surgery planning which will cover the types of surgery you receive and other medical requirements as well. In order to ensure a smooth procedure, the best knee replacement surgeon in India will analyze your knee anatomy or problem in advance so they can make a plan of the surgical method, device, etc. This is a very important part of the procedure and possible methods are discussed below.
Traditional surgery– in the traditional surgery approach, the surgeon makes an 8 to 12-inch cut and operates on the damaged part by using advanced surgical techniques. The surgeon is made an incision along the front and midline or along the front and side of the knee. In this approach surgeon use kneecap to join the knee ends. This surgery method needs 3 to 5 recovery days in the hospital and approx 10 weeks of recovery time.
Minimally invasive surgery– this surgery helps to decrease trauma to tissue, reduce pain, and decrease blood loss means speeding recovery. In this method, the surgeon makes 3 to 4 inches incision that reduces recovery time. The major difference between this approach and the traditional one is that the kneecap is pushed to the side instead of being turned over. Because of the minimal cut, you will get fewer traumas to the quadriceps muscles and you will recover faster. The surgeon used specialized instruments which will help to place the knee implant accurately and less pain. However, there are two types of minimally invasive methods available such as- quadriceps sparing method, lateral method.
Computer-assisted surgery– in this technology world, surgeons is also using computer-assisted methods for both pkrs and tkrs including both minimally invasive and traditional procedures. The surgeon enters the anatomical data of the patient into a computer and the computer creates a 3-D model of the knee. In this model, the surgeon sees aidedimage of the knee and other knee components that will help the surgeon to do process accurately. It also enhances the odds that will help the device to work effectively. This approach allows the surgeon to operate patients in smaller cuts. It reduces the recovery time of patients and enhances the longevity and reduces the wear of the new joint.
How Knee Replacement Surgeon in India perform surgery?
The knee replacement surgeon in India performs surgery in 4 main steps. Here you will know the step of the procedure.
Preparing the joint bone– in this step surgeon removes the damaged part of the knee means cartilage and bone end from the fibula and the tibia with a margin of the healthy bone.
Implant positioning– the metal implant is done by either cementing the metal implants in a damaged place or using press-fit implants. This implant is used by fitting it over the prepared bone surface of the joint.
Patellar resurfacing– in this step involves cutting and resurfacing the underside of the kneecap using a plastic button.
Inserting spacer– this is the last step of the procedure and it involves inserting a disc such as a plastic implant between the metal devices of the patella. This spacer will provide important lubrication for the movement of the knee joint.
Risk of the procedure
In every surgical procedure, the complication can occur. Here you will read some possible complications but there are not limited to, the following- infection, bleeding, fracture, loosening or wearing out of the prosthesis, blood clots in the legs and lungs, continued pain or stiffness, and many more. Blood vessels and nerves in the area of surgery can be injured as a result of weakness or numbness. Maybe you will have to replace this joint in the future by Thechirure Medical Tourism.
That’s all we have for today!!!