A Comprehensive Guide To Anesthesia

The treatment done with anesthetic is called anesthesia and anaesthesiology. This medicine helps you not to feel pain during surgeries and other medical procedures. The professionals who give this to patients are known as Anesthesiologists. Anesthesia shots make one unconscious or numb the specific area of the body to carry out invasive procedures. Actually, anesthesia interrupts nerve signals in the brain as well as the body, which prevents the brain from feeling pain and what occurred during the operation. 

A general doctor can give you anesthesia if you undergo a small surgery like a tooth extraction. However, for complex invasive procedures, the assistance of expert anesthesiologists is needed. These specialists aid you manage pain during and after treatment. 

Different Types Of Anesthesia

anesthesia comprehensive guide

The type of anesthesia your physician gives depends on the type of surgery you are going through. Here are four key types of anaesthesiology in Chandigarh, Mohali, and other parts of the country.

General Anesthesia

General anesthesia is often used for more invasive procedures. It involves giving you medicine to make you unconscious so that you don’t feel pain during surgery. General anesthesia can also be used if you need surgery on one or both sides of your lower jaw (maxillofacial surgery) or to remove the gallbladder.

Local Anesthesia

Local anesthesia involves placing directly into your gums or mouth to numb them before a procedure is performed on them. This type of anesthesia is typically only used for simple procedures such as filling cavities or removing wisdom teeth because it doesn’t usually last long enough for more complex procedures like crowns or root canals and may cause side effects such as dry mouth, nausea, and vomiting.

Regional Anesthesia

Regional anesthesia deals with numbing a particular area of the body. For example, epidural anesthesia blocks pain in the lower part of the body, while spinal or caudal anesthesia blocks pain in the lower back and upper legs. Regional anesthesia may provide pain relief during childbirth, treat postoperative pain after surgery, and help relieve pain caused by cancer treatment. 


Sedation is a milder form of anesthesia that allows patients to remain awake but relaxed during certain procedures, such as colonoscopies or endoscopies (visual examinations of the esophagus). Sedation may be provided in addition to local anesthesia (injected into the area being examined), or it may be used instead of local anesthesia if the procedure doesn’t require any tissue cutting or removal. Sedation medications include nitrous oxide (laughing gas) and intravenous such as propofol (Diprivan). These have very low side effects compared with general anesthetics.

How Is Anesthesia Given?

The anesthesiologist can give you anesthesia via:


Local anesthetics are injected near the nerves that cause pain (nerves called “sensory nerves”). These anesthetics numb only the area around the nerve, not the entire body part in which they are injected. Local anesthetics are often used before tooth extractions or other dental procedures where no incision is made into the body (such as root canal treatment).

Inhaled Gas

Inhaled gas forms a mist that goes directly into your lungs. This method is usually short-acting (about 30 minutes) and doesn’t affect the heart or blood pressure as much as other types of anesthesia do. However, it can make you feel lightheaded after completing the procedure.

Spray Or Patch (Topical)

 A spray or patch containing anesthetic is applied directly around the region where the surgery will be done. These methods tend not to cause drowsiness afterward but may take longer than inhaled gas or injection methods. 

How To Prepare For Anesthesiology?

Here are some tips to prepare yourself for effective Anesthesiology treatment in Chandigarh, Mohali, or any other city.

risk factor for anesthesia is recommended that at least two weeks before surgery and on the day of surgery. This will help prevent complications like the formation of blood that can lead to heart attack and even stroke. 

Stop Taking Supplements At Least Two Weeks Before Treatment

Certain vitamins and supplements can interfere with the anesthesia and increase the risk of complications during surgery. It is important to talk to your doctor about any medications or supplements you are taking before having surgery so that they can be checked for safety. 

 Don’t Take Foods Or Drinks Eight Hours Before Surgery

Food in your stomach may cause problems with anesthesia, so it is important to eat dinner no later than 8 hours before your scheduled procedure time. You should also avoid drinking liquids after midnight if possible, but if you must drink water, sip it slowly and don’t drink too much at once because it could make you feel nauseous or throw up during the procedure (vomiting).

That was all about Anesthesia. Hope you found the information useful!