A Comprehensive Guide To Anal Fissure: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

When cut or tear occurs in the anal canal or lower rectum, the condition is referred to as Anal Fissure. The victim of this disorder experiences unbearable pain and irritation during bowel movement. It can be acute or severe. Generally, anal fissure remains acute till six weeks, but it becomes complicated and causes extreme discomfort after that. As it may also cause bleeding, some people also perceive it as hemorrhoid. However, in reality, these both are entirely different things. Hemorrhoids occur due to swelling in veins of the anus region.

 Although an individual of any age can have an anal fissure, people aged 20 to 40 years are at high risk of this medical condition. In addition to this, the probability of occurring fissure decreases with age. According to studies, older adults become fewer victims of this disorder.

If the anal fissure is treated on time (means before six weeks), it is easy to get rid of it. However, if it’s too late, you need to go for laser treatment for fissure in Kolkata and other cities in the country. If you or your loved ones feel sharp pain or notice a small amount of blood during poo, it would be better to visit the renowned gastrointestinal specialist without wasting a minute. Let us dive into the major causes of Anal Fissure.

  • Chronic Constipation

The people you have chronic constipation are likely to develop anal fissure. If you also have problems passing the stool, it would be better to eat fibre rich foods and take the help of stool softeners.

  • Frequent Diarrhea

Another common cause of this medical condition is Diarrhea. The individuals who pass loose and watery stool frequently also become a victim of Anal Fissure.

  • Childbirth

Sometimes, normal child delivery also leads to fissures in the anus region.

  • Anal Sex

Couples who practice anal sex also fall prey to this health condition. This happens because the lower rectum is stretched during intercourse.

  • Insertion Of Foreign Objects

The insertion of medical equipment in the anus to diagnose various diseases also breaks the walls of the anal canal.

Read on to know early signs of Anal Fissure.

Symptoms Of Anus Fissure -:

  • The sharp and severe pain in the anal area during poo, followed by burning inflammation for several hours.
  • A little amount of blood outside the surface of the poo. 
  • Bright red coloured blood on the toilet paper.
  • Significant cracks on the anal canal.
  • Itching & discomfort in the region around the anus.
  • Feels difficult to urinate or urinate frequently

How Is Anal Fissure Diagnosed?

The physician will ask you a few questions before visual inspection, such as the type of pain you experience, the density of stool, etc. Then they examine gently with a fingertip by parting your buttocks. They wear the glove & apply some lubricant on the finger part and insert it into the anus to identify abnormalities. If a GI surgeon finds something serious, they may recommend you get a specialist evaluation, in which they use an anesthetic to alleviate the pain. 

Prevention Of Anal Fissure

You can consider the following tips to prevent the occurring of Anal Fissure

  • Always keep the anus and area around it dry.
  • Clean the anal region twice or thrice a day with mild soap and lukewarm water.
  • Devour a lot of fibre and drink plenty of water to overcome constipation.
  • Regular exercise and workout also help to reduce constipation.
  • Don’t keep babies in a single diaper for more than 4 hours.
  • Treat Diarrhea immediately.

Anal Fissure Treatment 

The mild anal fissure can be treated with stool softeners, pain killers and ointments. However, severe fissures need surgical treatment. If fissures don’t heal or develop again & again, you should seek the GI specialist who provides the best laser fissure treatment. It is a painless surgical procedure to eliminate anal fissure. The success rate of this surgery is very high. As per reports, 9 out of 10 cases are successfully cured with laser surgery.

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