Commercial tea farming isn’t an innovative business concept. It’s a traditional and old-fashioned business. A lot of people are currently operating this business commercially and earning money.
Tea is a fragrant beverage that is made by pouring boiling or hot water over freshly cured or newly harvested foliage of Camellia sinensis. It is an evergreen tree indigenous to China as well as the other East Asian countries.
Tea is among the most sought-after beverage. It’s the second most popular drink consumed worldwide, second only to water. It has a stimulant effect on humans because of the caffeine amount.
There are a variety of varieties of tea that are available around the globe. Certain varieties are cooling, the mildly bitter and astringent taste however, others come with diverse profiles, which contain sweet, nutty, grassy, or floral notes.
The tea plants are an evergreen species that is found in subtropical and tropical climates. Certain varieties of tea can endure marine climates, and are typically grown to the north of Cornwall within England, Perthshire in Scotland and Scotland, Vancouver Island in Canada as well as Washington within Washington in the United States.
The tea plant is propagated by seeds as well as from cuttings (about 4-12 years is required for a plant’s ability to bear seeds and approximately three years before when the plant is mature enough to be harvested).
Alongside an environment that is zone 8 or higher tea plants require at minimum 127 cm (50 inches) of rain per year and prefer acidic soils.
A large number of tea plants with high-quality flavour are grown at elevations as high as 4900 feet (1,500 metres) over sea levels. While the plants develop slower at these elevations, however, they do gain a more flavorful taste.
In general, a tea plant will develop into a tree as high as 52 feet (16 meters) in the event that it is left to its own devices. However, the plants that are cultivated that are in gardens are usually cut to waist height to make it easier to pluck.
The plants that are short also produce many new shoots that provide tender new leaves, which improve the taste of the tea.
Commercial tea production is well-known, simple and lucrative business. It is possible to start this business to earn money. We are here to provide more information about the process of how to start and operating a commercial tea farming business.
Health Benefits of Consuming Tea
Two varieties of tea are sold commercially. One is black tea while the other can be green tea. Both are beneficial for health. We are here to explain the benefits to the health of green tea and black tea.
Black tea is among the most consumed drinks around the globe, second only to water. It has a stronger flavour and has greater amounts of caffeine than most teas, however, it has less caffeine than coffee.
The consumption of black tea regularly provides many health advantages. We are here to explain the most beneficial benefits or health benefits of drinking black tea.
- Black tea is a source of polyphenols with antioxidant properties. You may have heard that taking antioxidants could aid in reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases and improve overall health.
- The gut contains billions of bacteria and an overwhelming portion of your immunity. Polyphenols and antimicrobial compounds present in black tea could aid in improving gut health and the immune system.
- LDL, as well as HDL, are two forms of lipoproteins that transport cholesterol through the entire body. A high level of LDL within the body may raise the chance of developing heart disease. Research suggests that black tea can help to lower LDL levels.
- The polyphenols in black tea are a source that can help fight cancerous cells within the body. While black tea consumption will not eliminate cancer, it can aid in reducing the growth of cancerous cells.
- Black tea is an excellent non-sweetened beverage that helps increase the effectiveness of insulin and lower blood sugar levels.
- Black Tea contains flavonoids, that are beneficial for heart health. A regular intake of black tea can aid in reducing the risk of developing heart disease.
- According to some studies drinking black tea regularly could help lower blood pressure (but the research isn’t conclusive).
Green tea isn’t yet as well-known as black tea. It is nevertheless said as one of the most nutritious beverages available.
It is a great source of antioxidants, which have numerous health advantages. We are here to list the top advantages of green tea.
- Green tea is rich in antioxidants from polyphenols (including the catechin known as EGCG). These antioxidants may provide numerous benefits to the health.
- The bioactive components found in green tea may be beneficial to the brain. They can also lower the risk of developing dementia (a frequent neurodegenerative disease in elderly adults).
- A few studies suggest that green tea could result in weight loss. It is particularly efficient in reducing risky abdominal fat.
- Based on some controlled studies green tea can result in mild decreases in blood sugars. It could also reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Drinking green tea regularly can aid in preventing the development of cardiovascular disease.
- Coffee is a lot richer in caffeine than green tea. Green tea also has an amino acid called L-theanine which works in conjunction with caffeine to boost brain function.
- The catechins present in green tea could hinder the development of bacteria within the mouth. In the end, this can help in reducing the chance of developing bad breath.
- Green tea is a rich source of powerful antioxidants that can aid in fighting cancer.
- According to some studies green tea can boost metabolic rate and help in the burn of fat in the short term (although not all studies are in agreement).
- Certain studies have shown that those who regularly drink green tea might live longer than those who don’t.
Advantages of Tea Farming Business
Large or commercial tea farming is an easy and easy business. However, it is also a very popular company, and those with no experience may also begin this venture.
However, having knowledge or training in person can be extremely beneficial in improving your earnings. This article will provide the best benefits of tea farming as a business.
- Demand and value for tea is the primary benefit of commercial tea farming. The tea is second in sought-after beverage after water around the globe.
- Tea production on large or commercial scale cultivation is a well-established industry and a lot of people are working in this field to earn money.
- It’s a well-established and successful company, so you won’t have to fret about launching and running this type of business.
- The initial investment required in the commercial farming of tea is expensive. But you’ll be able to earn good returns from your venture once it is established.
- Tea is a popular product with high demand and is highly valued in the marketplace. This means that you don’t have to be concerned about marketing your tea.
- Tea plants are typically tough and sturdy and need less care and management. The care of the tea plant is easy.
- The commercial cultivation of teas is a reputable industry that is highly profitable. It can also be an excellent source of employment for those who are interested, especially for educated but unemployed individuals.
- Drinking tea can provide numerous health advantages. You can also drink fresh tea if you establish your own tea manufacturing business.
How to Start Tea Farming Business
Beginning a tea farming enterprise isn’t as simple as starting any other agriculture-related business. It requires some understanding and prior experience. Therefore, it is best to undergo initial training before beginning this business.
Take lessons from an expert if are new to the field. But, we attempt to explain more about the process of starting and running the most successful tea farming company beginning with the planting phase, through care, harvesting and selling.
Tea plants typically thrive in well-drained, deep and friable, loamy soils. Soils from virgin forests that are high in humus and iron are ideal soils for tea plantations. Additionally, an abundance of phosphorus and potash in the soil provides an extra taste to the tea.
The waterlogging process can harm the plants. Make sure there is a simple method to drain the soil.
In the course of preparation of the soil for the tea plantation, A good amount of nitrogenous fertilizers such as ammonium sulfurate and organic matter must be included in the soil. The pH of soil acid should be between 4.5 to 5.5.
Tea plants typically require a moderately humid and hot climate. Tea plants thrive in hot and humid conditions.
The ideal temperature range for the growth of tea plants is between 20degC and 32degC. Temperatures that are higher than 35degC but less than 10degC may harm the growth of the tea plant.
Tea plants usually require regular, evenly distributed rain from 150 to 300 cm all through the year. Tea plants are typically shade-loving plants and develop more quickly when planted in conjunction with areas of shaded trees.
The tea plant is propagated by cuttings and seeds (about 4-12 years is needed for the plant to bear seeds and three years to ensure the new plant is ready to harvest). It is possible to purchase cuttings or seeds based on the availability of your region.
This is the main aspect of commercial tea farming. Tea plants that are properly planted established in the field fast develop vigorously and begin to bear sooner. An error made during the planting process can result in high rates of loss or permanent damage to the plant.
The tea plant’s planting is possible in the months of April-June, September-October and between October and November with sufficient irrigation. The rainy season is to be avoided. Tea plants are grown in two kinds.
Pit plantation to cultivate tea is carried out by ensuring that the space between plants is sufficient to permit digging individual pits that are of the right dimensions and without much hassle.
The pits must be 45 centimetres wide and 45 centimetres deep, straight and circular with a wall. Smaller pits limit root growth and can slow the growth of shoots and their development.
The soil excavated is then conditioned by mixing it with 4-5kg well-decomposed cattle manure or 150-200 kg decomposed oil cakes and then reintroducing the soil back into the pits. Add 30 grams of rock phosphate and 30 grams SSP at the moment of the plantation.
Trench planting used in commercial tea cultivation is utilized for a more compact spacing, and also in dense soils. Trenches that are 30 cm wide and 45 centimetres deep are dug across the rows.
The soil excavated is prepared and returned as it would be in pits. Tea is then grown directly in the trenches.
Tea plants require additional care to ensure the growth of the plants and for good production. This article will provide more information about the typical care process used in commercial tea farming.
Applying additional fertilizers is not required in all instances. It is possible to consult the local office of extension for agriculture should you require assistance.
Sprinkler irrigation is the most commonly utilized method for tea gardens in the Northern region. Drip irrigation is limited to seeds in Paris.
Mulching can help retain moisture in the soil. Organic materials can be used to mulch.
Mulching can help control the majority of the weeds. It is possible to eliminate other weeds by hand or using the equipment.
Pruning is a crucial job to carry out to preserve the proper shape of the tea bush up at a height of approximately 1 meter and a similar diameter.
The goal in pruning is to create new shoots with soft tea leaves and to facilitate the picking of tea leaves off the ground.
Pests & Diseases
Some of the pests that could be afflicting tea plants include mosquito insects Genus Helopeltis that are real bugs, and should not be misunderstood with dipterous insect species of the group Culicidae (‘mosquitos’).
Mosquito bugs may damage leaves by sucking plant material, and also by laying eggs (oviposition) within the plant. Spraying with insecticides made from synthetics can be considered appropriate. Other pests include Lepidopteran leaf feeders, as well as a variety of tea-related diseases.
The process of harvesting tea leaves involves an intense effort to pluck out the leaves of tea. Your business can be highly profitable if you can employ cheap labour for harvesting this product.
It’s hard to pinpoint the exact number. However, on average 1.5 tonnes of green tea leaves could be produced on a single acre of land.
This is the most crucial aspect of commercial tea farming. Your company won’t succeed if you don’t effectively market your product. Decide on your marketing strategies before starting this venture.
These are the typical methods and steps to start and run an effective tea farming business. I hope this guide has helped you! Have fun and God bless you! God bestow you with blessings!